Immigration and Work Disability in the Canadian Context

Project number: 
Approval date: 
Thursday, September 27, 2018
Principal Investigator: 
University of British Columbia (UBC)
Funding Agency: 
Canadian Institutes of Health Research(CIHR)
Datasets requested: 
consolidation - census geocodes
Medical Services Plan (BC Ministry of Health)
Consolidation - demographic (Ministry of Health)
Consolidation registry (Ministry of Health)
Hospital Separations (BC Ministry of Health)
Consolidation file (BC Ministry of Health)
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) Permanent Residents
Research objective: 

Key Research Questions

Among the working population with a workers compensation claim in British Columbia, does duration of work disability, final return-to-work status, and return-to-work trajectories (multiple health and work events and duration of these events over time) differ by immigration characteristics (yes/no; recent/established/Canadian-born; economic, family or refugee immigrant classification)?
What socio-economic, socio-demographic, work/employer characteristics, and clinical/health services are associated with longer disability duration, non return-to-work status, and complicated return-to-work trajectories, and do these associations differ by immigration characteristics?
Does the participation in, and timing of, modified work differ by immigration characteristics? Do permanent impairment status and vocational rehabilitation benefits differ by immigration characteristics?
By injury/illness type, do rehabilitation and medical health services provided in the first 30, 90 and 180 days of a work-related injury/illness differ by immigration characteristics?
Do longer-term health consequences of work disability at 5, 10 and 20 years post work-related injury/illness differ by immigration characteristics?

The overall goal of this research project is to provide evidence of work disability experiences among immigrant workers in Canada, as well as determinants of these experiences; to inform policies, programs and procedures to reduce inequalities in the provision of health services and disability benefits; and to facilitate productive and healthy work-life trajectories for the immigrant workforce/population in Canada.

Page last revised: July 14, 2020