Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Case Definition and Related Coding
Novel coronavirus acute respiratory disease, nCoV
This text, compiled based on information published on HealthIdeas Metaspace, describes how COVID-19 is represented in various administrative data files.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus virus that, prior to 2019, had not been identified in humans. The COVID-19 outbreak has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu) with symptoms such as a cough, fever, and in more severe cases, difficulty breathing.
Currently, the Ministry of Health receives COVID-19 cases data from two sources: data from the BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) and an extract from Provincial Laboratory Information Solution (PLIS). Over time, it will be possible to identify care provided for COVID-19 via other data holdings (e.g. hospital abstracts, physician billings).
COVID-19 Related Coding
PLIS - COVID-19 Case Finding Algorithm
The Ministry of Health has partnered with PHSA/Lab Agency to create the COVID-19 case finding algorithm. More information will be available later.
DAD/NACRS - ICD-10-CA codes
- Confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Canada are assigned the following ICD-10-CA diagnosis code: U07.1 Emergency use of U07.1 (COVID-19, virus identified).
COVID-19 confirmed by laboratory results, irrespective of severity of clinical signs or symptoms (effective on Feb 24, 2020)
- Suspected cases of COVID-19 in Canada are assigned the following ICD-10-CA diagnosis code: U07.2 Emergency use of U07.2 (COVID-19, virus not identified).
COVID-19 diagnosed clinically or epidemiologically but laboratory results are inconclusive, not available or testing is not performed. When COVID-19 is ruled out by a negative laboratory result, U07.2 is not assigned (effective on Mar 26, 2020)
Note: While prefix Q is used to identify unconfirmed diagnoses, it is not used with U07.1 or U07.2. This is an exception to the coding standard
MSP - ICD-9 code C19, new fee items
The ICD9 code used for COVID-19 is 'C19'.
New fee items that have been created in response to the pandemic. The highlighted codes (in bold) are COVID-specific. The other three are new, time-limited fees for virtual care, similar to some General Practice Services Committee (GPSC) fees, but lack some of the billing restrictions of the GPSC fees.
|Fee item number||Fee item description||Care type|
|10007||SPECIALIST EMAIL/TEXT/PHONE ADVICE RELAY OR RX FEE||Virtual care|
|10008||URGENT SPECIALIST COVID-19 ADVICE||Virtual care|
|13701||OFFICE VISIT FOR COVID-19 WITH TEST||In-person care|
|13702||OFFICE VISIT FOR COVID-19 WITHOUT TEST||In-person care|
|13706||FP DELEGATED PATIENT TELEHEALTH MANAGEMENT FEE||Virtual care|
|13707||FT EMAIL/TEXT/PHONE MED ADVICE RELAY OR RE-RX FEE||Virtual care|
|13708||FP COVID-19 COMMUNICATION-SPECIALIST/ALLIED CARE||Virtual care|
BC Vital Statistics Deaths
Causes of death due to COVID-19 are indicated using underlying cause of death (UCODE) U07.1 (confirmed) and U07.2 (suspected).
It is important to keep in mind that data related to causes of death become available as the causes are determined, reported to Vital Statistics Agency, and converted to ICD codes. Therefore, data related to older deaths are more complete than data related to more recent deaths.